Comprehensive and Informative Commentary on State and Federal Legal Matters
As a criminal defense attorney, I routinely encounter people who could have avoided legal trouble if they had simply known how to exercise their rights when talking to the police. Every time I see this, I lament the fact that so few Americans have a real, working knowledge of their rights. It seems to me that whether the topic is traffic stops or full-scale police searches, most people have little or no knowledge of their rights and how to exercise them in daily life.
In an effort to help people become more informed about their rights, I’d like to share the following video, “10 Rules for Dealing with the Police.” I originally came across this video series while perusing the internet, but,after watching it, I am convinced that it is a phenomenal resource for all citizens. Personally, I think all Virginians (and Americans, for that matter) should watch this video and take the time to properly educate themselves about their rights and how to use them.
In a turn of events that is particularly embarrassing for the Commonwealth, it has recently been reported that a number of Virginia localities have been ticketing, convicting, and fining motorists for a charge that, though alleged to be illegal, does not actually violate Virginia law.
In this instance, the law in question is Virginia Code § 46.2-707, titled “Operating uninsured motor vehicle without payment of fee; verification of insurance; false evidence of insurance.” As its title suggests, this code makes it unlawful to operate an uninsured motor vehicle without having paid the $500 uninsured motorist fee that is required of those who chose not to purchase auto insurance. The statute also prohibits anyone operating an uninsured vehicle from either providing false insurance information or from failing to provide proof that they have paid the uninsured motorist fee. A conviction under this statute amounts to a Class 3 misdemeanor, the punishment for which is a $500 fine and the immediate suspension of one’s license. Additionally, a conviction for providing false insurance information when driving an uninsured car is labeled a “crime of moral turpitude” and can adversely affect future employment and military service.
What is particularly important about this statute–and what a surprisingly large number of police officers, prosecutors, and judges state-wide seemed to have missed–is that it only applies to drivers who are operating uninsured vehicles. Therefore, in order to properly be charged under this statute, a driver would have to admit that his/her car was uninsured and that he/she failed to pay the uninsured motorist fee. There is no crime if a driver does not have their insurance card on them or simply can not find it, or if they never make the above admissions.
Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of this new revelation though is not the fact that a few police agencies (4 counties worth to be exact) misinterpreted the statute and handed out illegal tickets. As shocking and ultimately disappointing as this is, the issue that is of most concern to me is the fact that more than a few defense attorneys, prosecutors, and judges in the Commonwealth were complicit in the mistake. The discovery that this charge has been wrongfully levied time and again without being properly challenged in court suggests a much larger issue with the justice system here in the Commonwealth. While it might be conceivable to forgive such an error on the part of VA state troopers (thought I would not normally advocate such a move), to be equally as lenient with lawyers in the prosecutors offices or with the judges involved is inappropriate. Just as I am charged with providing my clients with the best defense under the law, these men and women have taken an oath to uphold the laws of our country and to pursue the ends of justices at all times. To think that a mistake as widespread and costly as this could be made on a routine basis is both extremely disappointing and terribly frustrating. Going forward, I hope cases like this will both galvanize the Commonwealth to rectify its mistakes and prompt more citizens to educate themselves as to their basic rights. In doing so, citizens and public servants alike will help to ensure that gross misinterpretations of law such as this do not reoccur.